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the introduction of these new technologies into an operating room requires an understanding of the various use cases in which the systems can be used. for example, the introduction of a new technology, the ability to read the same irida before and after surgery is extremely helpful to the surgeon as the irida is used to optimize a planned dura opening, in the event that the actual dura opening does not match the planned one. the irida can be used to perform real-time analyses of the preoperative situation and to provide information about whether the anticipated dura opening is the right one. this is not a trivial task as there are many uncertainties and obstacles that the surgeon has to deal with. for example, only preoperative ct and mri imaging data are available. intraoperative images are not usually available. moreover, the clinical situation might change during the operation, so the surgical plan might change as well. there are also many uncertainties in the anatomy itself, including the presence of the optic nerves, arteries, veins, and tumors in the brain. all these uncertainties introduce many challenges that a robot should be able to solve. the challenge is to make sure that the robot can find the right spot in the brain to cut, which is the goal of the surgical robot in the first place.
to summarize, oti and irida can be used in many different contexts. one use is to provide more information about the anatomy that is encountered during surgery. the irida can be used to create a 3d display of the anatomy that is being encountered, and to identify problematic areas before they are encountered in order to allow for modifications of the surgical plan. the irida can also be used to indicate the location of the optic nerves, the arteries, and veins, as well as the tumor that might be encountered. the irida is also used to identify the surgical target in the brain, and it can be used to provide a 3d display of the dura that is being encountered, and to provide information about whether the dura that is being encountered is the expected dura. in all of these cases, the irida can be used to guide the surgeon to make the right surgical decision. the various challenges that the robot faces in order to make the right surgical decision are very similar to the challenges that the surgeon faces. if the surgeon is to have any chance of making the right decision, the robot should be able to offer the same or even better quality of information. oti and irida can be used in conjunction with preoperative 3d imaging, intraoperative ct scans, and postoperative mri scans, as well as other systems, in order to further enhance the quality of the information that is provided to the surgeon. 3d9ccd7d82